Flora & Fauna of Uttarakhand

Bramha Kamal

Bramha Kamal

Bramha Kamal

Brahma Kamal (Saussurea obvallata) a flowering plant native to the Himalayas. It is considered to be the state flower of Uttarakhand. Brahm Kamal is a Perennial growing to 0.3 m (1ft). The Brahm Kamal holds a special sacred status among the tribal groups. Most of their religious rites are incomplete without the offerings of Brahm Kamal to the native deities.

Buransh

Buransh

Buransh (Rhododendron Arboreum)

Buransh is an all-season medium-height tree found in the Himalayan region. The leaves of the tree are thick and it flowers are bell shaped and blood red, white, pink and purple. The flowers bloom in bunches and a rhododendron tree in full blossom presents a striking visual. The extract from the flowers has vital medicinal values.The high-altitude grasslands, locally called 'Bugyals' render a uniqueness to the natural spendour of Uttarakhand. These are expansive pasture lands presenting a breath-taking picture of lush green grass-covered soft slopes, generally set against a relief of snow-crested mountains.

Himalayan Monal

Himalayan Monal

Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus Impejanus)

This bird is also known as the Impeyan monal. It is the national bird of Nepal, where it is known as Danphe, and state bird of Uttarakhand India, where it is known as Monal.Traditionally, The Himalayan monal has been classified as monophyletic. However, studies have shown that the male Himalayan monal of northwestern India lacks the white rump of other Himalayan monals, and it has more green on the breast, indicating the possibility of a second subspecies.

Red Panda

Red Panda

Red Panda

Red Panda is also known as lesser panda or red cat-bear. It is an arboreal mammal native to the eastern Himalayas. Red Panda’s population is on a decrease given to habitat loss and fragmentation, poaching, and inbreeding depression. It can be spotted at somewhere in himalayan ranges Sikkim, Arunachal and West Bengal’s Khangchendzonga and Namdapha National Park.

Royal Bengal Tiger

Royal Bengal Tiger

Royal Bengal Tiger

The Bengal Tiger is the national animal of both, India and Bangladesh. The tiger’s coat is yellow to light orange, with stripes ranging from dark brown to black. The number of tigers has reduced dramatically in the past few years, due to poaching and human-tiger conflict. It can be spotted at Jim Corbett National Park, and some few tiger Sanctuary.

Snow Leopard

Snow Leopard

Snow Leopard

The snow leopard or ounce is a large cat native to the mountain ranges of Central and South Asia. It is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.Its numbers are quite low, though difficult to estimate. Many estimates are rough and outdated. The total wild population of the snow leopard was estimated in 2008 as 4,510 to 7,350 individuals. It can be spotted at central asia and the Himalaya Range to southern Siberia,and Tibet.

Dolphins

Dolphins

Dolphins

The Ganges river dolphin can only live in freshwater and is essentially blind. They hunt by emitting ultrasonic sounds, which bounces off of fish and other prey, enabling them to “see” an image in their mind. The Ganges river dolphin is important because it is a reliable indicator of the health of the entire river ecosystem. The government of India declared it the National Aquatic Animal in 2009.

Himalayan Tahr

Himalayan Tahr

Himalayan Tahr

A endangered wild goat, the Tahr is native to the Himalayas and can be found on steep precipices as high as 5,000 metres in altitude.

Himalayan Blue Poppy

Himalayan Blue Poppy

Himalayan Blue Poppy

Valued as a medicinal herb, this blue-flowered, thorny plant is considered endangered because of over-collection. It is native to the Western Himalayas.

Western Tragopan

Western Tragopan

Western Tragopan

The Great Himalayan National Park is the habitat for the largest known population of the Western Tragopan, an endangered species of pheasants. It is considered one of the rarest of all living pheasants, and is endemic to the Northwestern Himalayas.

Himalayan musk deer

Himalayan musk deer

Himalayan musk deer

An antler-less deer species with long front teeth, the Himalayan musk deer is rated high on the endangered list. In the 1990s, it had been hunted nearly to extinction for its musk, but national park authorities have been able to bring down poaching since then.

Egg Magnolia

Egg Magnolia

Egg Magnolia

Egg Magnolia is a medium size tree with large velvet leaves and fragrant yellowish off-white flowers about 4-5" wide. Before opening, buds have an egg shape, hence the common name. One of the most valuable ornamental fragrant trees of Asia. A highly valued fragrant flower of this small tree or shrub resembles Dwarf Magnolia flower, but the scent is much stronger.

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